Diagnostic accuracy of STOP-Bang questionnaire on moderate sleep apnoea in primary care
Cruces-Artero, Concepción; Herves-Beloso, Cristina; Martin-Miguel, Victoria; Hernaiz-Valero, Susana; Lago-Deibe, Fernando I.; Montero-Gumucio, Martin; Orge-Amoedo, Mar; Roca Pardiñas, Javier; Clavería, Ana
- OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the diagnostic utility of the STOP-Bang questionnaire for moderate apnoea against the gold standard (type I polysomnography) in a primary care setting.
METHOD: Study of diagnostic utility in primary care. Estimated sample: 85 cases and 85 healthy controls. In convenience sampling, 203 patients were recruited by their physicians at six health centres. Twenty-five were excluded, and 57 women and 121 men, of whom 74 had apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) ≥15, were analyzed. STOP-Bang was validated by comparing scores in the same patient with the apnoea-hypopnoea index observed in polysomnography, as a gold standard. Sample size, ROC curve analysis and optimal cut-off points were identified with the easyROC, pROC, and OptimalCutpoints packages.
RESULTS: The area under the curve in moderate apnoea (AHI ≥15) of the STOP-Bang was 0.777 (0.667-0.808), with optimal cut-off points different by sex (4 in women and 6 in men). In the cross-validation with k=10, the area under the curve for the STOP-Bang was 0.678.
CONCLUSIONS: The STOP-Bang presents a diagnostic moderate utility for AHI≥15, but superior to other scales, in a community population. Its performance is more appropriate in women.
Copyright © 2018 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
- Type of Publication:
- Apnea del sueno; Atencion primaria; Diagnostic utility; Gender; Primary care; STOP-Bang; Sexo; Sleep apnoea; Utilidad diagnostica
- Gaceta sanitaria
- Q2 79/164: PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
en la edición SSCI; h-index 1.656 (JCR2018)