Facultade de Fisioterapia

Variable selection in regression models used to analyse Global Positioning System accuracy in forest environments

Ordóñez, Celestino; Sestelo, Marta; Roca Pardiñas, Javier; Covián, Enrique
Abstract:
Reliable information on the geographic location of individual points using GPS (Global Positioning System) receivers requires an unobstructed line of sight from the points to a minimum of four satellites. This is often difficult to achieve in forest environments, as trunks, branches and leaves can block the GPS signal. Forest canopy can be characterized by means of dasymetric parameters such as tree density and biomass volume, but it is important to know which parameters in particular have a bearing on the accuracy of GPS measurements. We analyzed the relative influence of forest canopy and GPS-signal-related variables on the accuracy of the GPS observations using a methodology based on linear regression models and bootstrapping and compared the results to those for a classical variable-selection method based on hypothesis testing. The results reveal that our methodology reduces the number of significant variables by approximately 50% and that both forestry and GPS-signal-related variables are significant.
Year:
2012
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Global Positioning System; Measurement accuracy; Forest canopy; Bootstrapping
Journal:
Applied Mathematics and Computation
Volume:
219
Number:
4
Pages:
2220-2230
Month:
November
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2012.08.069
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