Erectile dysfunction in patients with arterial hypertension. Cardiovascular risk and impact on their quality of life
Diosdado-Figueiredo, Mónica; Balboa Barreiro, Vanesa; Pértega-Diaz, Sonia; Seoane-Pillado, Teresa; Pita-Fernández, Salvador; Chantada-Abal, Venancio
- OBJECTIVES: Estimate the frequency of erectile dysfunction in patients with essential hypertension and associated variables, degree of control, cardiovascular risk and the impact on quality of life.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type of study: Observational study of prevalence in men with essential hypertension.
MEASUREMENTS: Sociodemographic and comorbidity variables were collected from each patient (age, Charlson index, dyslipidaemia and prostatic hyperplasia), degree of control of essential hypertension and treatment, cardiovascular risk and metabolic syndrome. The erectile dysfunction was diagnosed by the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-15). Quality of life questionnaires were carried out in essential hypertension (MINICHAL), and the international scale of prostatic symptoms (IPSS).
RESULTS: The study included 262 hypertensive men with an average age of 65.84years. Erectile dysfunction was presented in 46.1%, being severe in 54.9%. The bivariate analysis shows an independent association between erectile dysfunction and the variables: age, Charlon index, dyslipidaemia, benign prostatic hypertrophy, diastolic blood pressure, years of diagnosis of hypertension, number of treatments, Regicor and Framingham-Wilson, glycaemia, creatinine and GPT, glomerular filtration through the MDRD formula, irritative symptomatology (IPSS) and somatic manifestations (MINICHAL). The final multivariate model found association with age, presentation of dyslipidaemia, prostatic hyperplasia and metabolic syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: Erectile dysfunction is significantly associated with age, dyslipidaemia, benign prostatic hypertrophy and metabolic syndrome.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
- Type of Publication:
- Disfuncion erectil; Dislipemia; Dyslipidaemia; Erectile dysfunction; Hipertrofia benigna de prostata; Metabolic syndrome; Prostatic hyperplasia; Sindrome metabolico
- Medicina clinica