Facultade de Fisioterapia

Post-stroke shoulder pain subtypes classifying criteria: towards a more specific assessment and improved physical therapeutic care

Torres-Parada, M.; Vivas, J.; Balboa Barreiro, Vanesa; Marey-López, J.
Abstract:
Background: Post-stroke Shoulder Pain (PSSP) is a common stroke-related syndrome that prolongs hospitalization and diminishes quality of life. PSSP studies were unsuccessful in clarifying pathophysiological mechanisms. Therefore, cohort's studies with greater variety of the sample and larger follow-up period could provide additional clinical data and may improve medical care. Objective: To classify people with PSSP and identify intergroup clinical differences, providing additional data useful for therapeutic care planning. Methods: One thousand individuals with stroke were selected from all levels of one health Area and followed up during one year. Demographic data, stroke clinical characteristics, stroke-related symptoms and rehabilitation parameters were collected. The shoulder muscle impairment was used to group participants into three clinical profiles: severe muscular impairment, moderate muscular impairment and low muscular impairment groups. Results: A total of 119 individuals were diagnosed with PSSP. The suggested classification criteria showed two groups that differed significantly in relation to the onset and duration of PSSP, presence of sensory and speech impairment, and spasticity. The outcomes did not firmly support the existence of a third suggested PSSP subtype. Conclusions: PSSP may vary in onset, clinical manifestations, severity and syndrome duration. These results highlight the course of different clinical profiles and require multidisciplinary management approaches. © 2019 Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Cerebrovascular accident; Disease management; Rehabilitation; Shoulder pain; Symptom assessment
Journal:
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Volume:
In press
Note:
Q2 27/65 h-index 1.879 (JCR2018)
DOI:
10.1016/j.bjpt.2019.02.010
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